Rainforests are home to hundreds of fascinating frog species that are generally active all year round. The Rainforest contains the perfect environment for frogs to thrive with an abundance of humidity, warmth, bugs, and shelter.
There are hundreds of Rainforest frog species but the most well known are Poison Dart Frogs, Red-Eyed Tree Frogs, Mission Golden-Eyed Tree Frogs, Panamanian Golden Frogs, Australian Waterfall Frogs, Orange Thighed Frogs, Vietnamese Mossy Frogs, Common Mist Frogs, Smoky Jungle Frogs, Glass Frogs, and Tomato Frogs.
Rainforest frogs have the most interesting traits and habits. It is our pleasure to share a list of some of the most interesting and popular frogs you can find in Rainforest and Tropical climates around the World. Before we dive into specific types of frogs, let’s have a look at common frog families you can find in the Rainforest.
Rainforest Frog Species
Although Rainforests only cover approximately 2% of the earth’s total surface area, they are the perfect habitat for frogs with more than 1,000 frog species in the Amazon Basin alone. Many of the frogs living in tropical Rainforests are tree frogs with over 200 types of Poison Dart Frogs.
Here is a quick overview of some of the most common or well-known frogs you can find in Rainforest climates:
|Rainforest Frog Species||Native Area||Poisonous|
|Golden Poison Dart Frog||Columbia||Yes|
|Panamanian Golden Frog||Panama||Yes|
|Amazon Milk Frog||South America||Yes|
|Smoky Jungle Frog||South America||Yes|
|Glass Frog||South America||No|
|Red-Eyed Tree Frog||South America||No|
|Clown Tree Frog||South America||No|
|Common Mist Frog||Australia||No|
|Australian Waterfall Frog||Australia||No|
|Orange Thighed Frog||Australia||No|
|Vietnamese Mossy Frog||Vietnam||No|
Many frog species that live in tropical and terrestrial Rainforests have various classifications and subspecies as well, and since it is difficult to account for each unique frog species all in one quick read, we have gathered information on some of the most popular Rainforest frogs with some cool facts about each of them. Let’s dive in.
1. Golden Poison Dart Frog
Golden Poison Dart Frogs are members of the Dendrobatidae family, native to Central and South America. They usually have brightly colored yellow or gold bodies. Golden Poison Dart Frogs are the most poisonous frogs on Earth as one frog has enough poison to kill 10 humans or 20,000 mice.
Poisonous frogs secrete toxic substances from their permeable skin, causing a range of threatening reactions ranging from paralysis to lethal side effects, especially when ingested. The name was gained since Native Americans would often use their poison on blow dart tips. These frogs mostly eat ants with high alkaloid levels that help them remain poisonous.
2. Panamanian Golden Frog
Panamanian Golden Frogs live in high mountain forests, close to mountain streams. This species is one of the most beautiful frogs in Panama and is considered a national symbol. Their skin flaunts vibrant colors ranging between yellow and gold, and some have black spots across their bodies and legs. While this species is highly attractive, it also holds a variety of highly dangerous toxins.
3. Amazon Milk Frog
Mission Golden-Eyed Tree Frogs, or Amazon Milk Frogs, live in humid Rainforests or within vegetation that extends over slow-moving water bodies. They have bright colors as juveniles and turn a greyish tone with age. With time, they develop a bumpy texture that blends in with the environment. The ‘milk’ describes the toxic substance which they secrete from their bodies. They are often kept as pets but not everyone should have a pet frog.
4. Smoky Jungle Frog
Smoky Jungle Frogs are also known as South American Bullfrogs and live in tropical and subtropical Rainforests, swamps, moist broadleaf forests, and intermittent freshwater marshes. Their bodies are tan or reddish-brown with yellowish folds and a distinct black spine. They have unique bronze irises and defensive mechanisms, including poisonous skin secretions.
5. Glass Frog
Glass Frogs predominantly live in trees, only traveling to the ground during mating season. They are bright green with dashes of yellow and have translucent skin, allowing onlookers to view their internal viscera, including the heart, liver, and intestines.
6. Red-Eyed Tree Frog
Red-Eyed Tree Frogs are from the phyllomedusidae family native to Neotropical Rainforests and can be found through Mexico, Central America, and Columbia. They are vibrantly colored with large red eyes and vertically narrowed pupils. It has various stripes across its green body ranging between blue and yellow, topped with orange or red feet. Although it is not poisonous, this frog uses its color to surprise its enemy. Red-Eyed Tree frogs are known to shake their butts to defend their territory.
7. Clown Frog
Clown Tree Frogs can be found in the Amazon forest in Central America and can generally be found in trees hiding on leaves and vegetation during the day. They have large eyes and a short snout and are generally tones of orange, red, brown and yellow which is why they are called Clown Frogs (CTNF).
8. Tomato Frog
Tomato Frogs are endemic to Madagascar Rainforests, boasting a bright red or orange color. Three frogs fall within this type, namely the Tomato Frog, Sambava Tomato Frog, and the Antsouhy Tomato Frog. They puff up their bodies and secrete a thick substance from the skin when stressed, which causes numbing in predators and allergic reactions in humans.
9. Common Mist Frog
Common Mist Frogs live near fast-flowing streams in Rainforests. Their bodies are brown, cream, or slate, with a dark patch running from their heads to their backs. This slender frog has long arms and legs, a sharp nose, and large bulbous eyes.
10. Australian Waterfall Frog
Australian Waterfall Frogs live in moist and rocky areas near streams and waterfalls. They have a unique mottled and granular appearance, with colors ranging between orange, green, and pink. This appearance imitates granite and other surfaces in their natural habitat.
11. Orange Thighed Frog
Orange Thighed Frogs live in wet tropical Rainforests in Queensland Australia. This slender frog species has a flat head, a lean body, and large orange eyes. Its body is green, topped with bright yellow feet and yellow banding. They are especially active during wet and Monsoon seasons when they generally reproduce.
12. Vietnamese Mossy Frog (Tonkin Bug-Eyed Frog)
Vietnamese Mossy Frogs live in evergreen Rainforests and subtropical forests. Their bodies are adorned with unique mottled brown and green patterns, which resemble growing moss within the habitat. This species curls into a ball and plays dead when frightened, imitating a mossy rock.
13. Peacock Frog
Peacock Frogs can be found Tropical Rainforests in Africa, notably in Tanzania. Their name probably comes from their multicoloured eyes and tympanum. They are sometimes also known as “Big-Eyed Frogs” due to their large eyes. Peacock Frogs are currently an endangered species.
14. Goliath Frog
As their name suggests, Goliath Frogs are very large and can grow to be the size of a small cat. They are found in small rainforest ranges in Western Africa, more precisely Guinea and Cameroon. These large frogs are going extinct due to hunting for their leg meat and populations have declined more than 15% in the past few years.
While Rainforest frogs are undoubtedly fascinating, many of them are endangered, and more than 120 frog species have vanished from Rainforests in the last two decades. As onlookers and enthusiasts, it’s important for us to respect these intriguing creatures by supporting the environment’s health, thus supporting their ability to survive in an ever-changing world.
More About Frogs in The Rainforest
The Rainforest is an excellent environment for frogs, especially Tree Frogs. Frogs love the humidity of the Rainforest since they breathe and drink through their skin, and Tree Frogs are especially abundant in Tropical and Rainforest environments because of the large number of trees that make for great shelter.
Many frogs that live in Rainforests are brightly colored and incredibly alluring but are equally dangerous. When living in the wild, these frogs would use their vibrant primary color patterns and shades to warn potential predators of their high toxicity levels. In many cases, toxic exposure from these frogs can be fatal.
Two common families of frogs you can find in the Rainforest are dendrobatidae and phyllomedusidae.
Dendrobatidae frogs are better known as Poison Dart Frogs and also include Rocket Frogs, Phantasmal Poison Frogs, and Thumbnail Dart Frogs. These poison frogs can be found in tropical Rainforests of Central and South America generally feed on alkaloid ants that help them maintain their toxicity.
Common Phyllomedusidae frogs include Red-Eyed Tree Frogs, Blue-Sided Leaf Frogs, Warty Leaf Frogs, Mexican Leaf Frogs, Antioquia Leaf Frogs, and Gliding Leaf Frogs. These frogs can be found in Rainforests with humid lowlands in Mexico, Central America, Columbia, Panama, and Venezuela. They generally feed on moths, crickets, flies, grasshoppers, and other small invertebrates.
Check out our other resources to learn more about Rainforest and Tropical Frogs
- 14 Fascinating Yet Bizarre Types of Frogs
- Find Out if Purple And Pink Frogs Exist
- Poisonous Frogs Around The World
- More About Tree Frogs
- How to Find Tree Frogs
- 5 Incredible Poison Dart Frog Facts
Common Questions About Frogs in the Rainforest
What kind of frogs live in the Rainforest? Dendrobatidae and Phyllomedusidae are two main families of fogs that live in the Rainforest. Dendrobatidae are generally colorful poisonous frogs that can generally be found in South America, and Phyllomedusidae are generally tree frogs like the Red-Eyed Tree Frog.
How many different types of frogs are there in the tropical Rainforest? Although Rainforests only cover approximately 2% of the earth’s total surface area, they are the perfect habitat for frogs with more than 1,000 frog species in the Amazon Basin alone. Many of the frogs living in tropical Rainforests are tree frogs with over 200 types of Poison Dart Frogs.
Do frogs live in the Amazon Rainforest? Frogs thrive in the rainforest thanks to the perfect humid and warm climate. You can find Poison Dart Frogs, Rocket Frogs, Phantasmal Poison Frogs, Red-Eyed Tree Frogs, Blue-Sided Leaf Frogs, Mexican Leaf Frogs, Antioquia Leaf Frogs, and Gliding Leaf Frogs in the Rainforest.
Do tree frogs live in Rainforests? Many types of tree frogs live only in the rainforest including Red-Eyed Tree frogs and over 200 types of Poison Dart Frogs. Other types of tree frogs like Spring Peeper do not live in the Rainforest and can only be found in North America.
Is the red-eyed tree frog poisonous? Red-Eyed Tree Frogs are not poisonous nor venomous but they use the bright blue, yellow, and red colors on their legs to surprise predators and pretend they are poisonous. Primary colors usually indicate poison in the wild but these frogs are generally harmless.
Are Rainbow Frogs real? Rainbow frogs are not real and the images that circulated of a rainbow-colored frog on social media and that appear in search engines are fabricated. Frogs can come in many different colors but not in a perfect rainbow.
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